David Bilger - Principal
Trumpet Philadelphia Orchestra
SOUND (tone production)
Good tone production = functional
embouchure and proper use of air. The following examples focus
on improving embouchure strength and focus and/or air-flow.
Long Tones - play sustained notes for at least 12 beats of quarter note = 60
making sure tone is full and pitch stable. Continue onto Clarke # 1-5
using same feeling of air-flow as long tones. These are referred to as
"moving long tones".
Flow Studies - can be called lyrical studies. Stamp, Bordogni and
Pedal Tones/Lip Bends - strengthens embouchure.
Mouthpiece buzzing (sound development) - forces player to focus on the NOTES
instead of relying on the trumpet to do it for him/her.
This is the combination and appropriate balance between the tongue and the air.
When doing this work, player must always concentrate on floating the tongue on a
foundation of air. Then work on tongue position and easy tongue motion. Single
and "K" tongue are the basis for all articulation and must be practiced
separately. Charlier #14, 16, 22, 25; Goldman # 1-4 and most of Arban sections.
- impacts all aspects of trumpet playing - especially
articulation and range. Flexibility = "tongue level exercises".
Since the tongue channels the air to produce the notes.
- referring to quickness of player's fingers and brain
(including dexterity drills, transposition etudes and sight-reading.
dexterity - is extremely important and often overlooked. Major, minor and chromatic
scales/arpeggios and Nagel and Vizzuti studies are good for this.
Transposition - Caffarelli, Bordogni and Sachse. This is a long-time investment over
Sight-reading - just do it.
- formation of embouchure strength, tongue position, air flow
and centering....pedal tones, lip bends, flexibility studies, flow studies. Try
octave slurs making sure to change vowel from AH to EEE going low to high. NO
EXCESSIVE pressure in the upper register. Smith Top-Tones and Stamp.
and Loud Practice)
- Always use good volume of air and high air speed. Always play with embouchure set.
No excessive pressure. Practice upper body relaxation. Always think
about what you are doing while you play.
Practice - keep sound from distorting and never cause physical pain. Orchestral
excerpts and Brandt are recommended for this work.